Kaufmann Conservation on Bear Run
The Donation of Fallingwater
Edgar J. Kaufmann, Sr. and his family appreciated the serenity and beauty of the mountains of southwestern Pennsylvania. They regularly traveled from Pittsburgh to Fayette County, Pa. to escape the smoky air from steel mills and fish, swim and boat the county’s creeks and streams. The Kaufmanns desired to build a house in this place where they often enjoyed nature.
In 1935, Frank Lloyd Wright designed their mountain retreat, Fallingwater, over the waterfall and creek the family had come to appreciate. The Kaufmanns became acquainted with the Western Pennsylvania Conservancy in 1951 when the Edgar J. Kaufmann Charitable Trust and the Conservancy were involved with the early acquisition of Ferncliff Peninsula, later to become the cornerstone of Ohiopyle State Park, also located in Fayette County, Pa.
Edgar J. Kaufmann, Sr. (1885-1955), Liliane S. Kaufmann (1889-1952), and their son, Edgar Kaufmann, jr. (1910-1989), owned, enjoyed and used Fallingwater until October 1963, when it was entrusted to the Western Pennsylvania Conservancy. Edgar jr.’s comments made at the ceremony of transmission of Fallingwater to the Conservancy in the fall of 1963 best express the significance of Fallingwater for the Kaufmann family, the public, and the Conservancy.
Included with this generous gift were 469 acres surrounding Fallingwater and the wild and beautiful Bear Run. Bear Run Nature Reserve is an area of great natural diversity with stunning outcroppings of Pottsville sandstone. It has significant aquatic and animal life, such as native trout, numerous birds, black bears and bobcats. Edgar jr. commented on the importance of Fallingwater when he said,
Fallingwater came to the Conservancy with its buildings, collections and site intact. Following the death of Edgar jr, in 1989, The New York Times architecture critic Paul Goldberger wrote, “[the gift] constituted one of the grandest and most meaningful gestures of architectural philanthropy of our age.”
The donation was received under a deed of trust that requires the Conservancy to preserve and maintain Fallingwater and its surroundings. One year later in 1964, Fallingwater opened to the public as a museum and welcomed its first visitors. Today, people from around the world have visited and experienced Fallingwater and its surrounding landscape.
The Bear Run Nature Reserve has grown too; it has more than tripled in size. Today, the reserve encompasses almost 70 percent of the Bear Run watershed in the reserve’s 5,119 acres. The reserve is a place where habitat is protected for native plants and animals and important ecological connections are sustained.